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Urte Krass: Loyalty Made Visible
Loyalty Made Visible
(p. 141 – 171)

Urte Krass

Loyalty Made Visible
Pyrotechnics and Processions for King John IV in Macao in 1642

PDF, 31 pages

In 1640, after 60 years of Iberian Union under the rule of the Hispanic monarchy, Portugal re-installed her own king again: John IV from the Bragança Dynasty. This central event in Portugal’s history had to be communicated not only to the European nations but also to all the regions that belonged to the vast Portuguese overseas empire. This article deals with the visualization of the Restauração on the Chinese Peninsula of Macao that had been under Portuguese administration since 1557.

  • Portugal
  • theory of the image
  • 18th century
  • iconography
  • analytics of power
  • 17th century
  • art history

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Urte Krass

Urte Krass

works as Assistant Professor at the Institute for Art History of the Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Her research focusses on saints’ images from icon to photography, early artistic theory in the Italian »novelle« of the 14th century as well as on the political use of images in Portugal and its Overseas Empire in the Early Modern period.

Other texts by Urte Krass for DIAPHANES
Urte Krass (ed.): Visualizing Portuguese Power

Images have always played a vital role in political communication and in the visualization of power structures and hierarchies. They gain even more importance in situations where non-verbal communication prevails: In the negotiation processes between two (or more) different cultures, the language of the visual is often thought of as the most effective way to acquaint (and overpower) the others with one’s own principles, beliefs, and value systems. Scores of these asymmetrical exchange situations have taken place in the Portuguese overseas empire since its gradual expansion in the 16th century.
This book offers new insights into the broad and differentiated spectrum of functions images could assume in political contexts in those areas dominated by the Portuguese in early modern times. How were objects and artifacts staged and handled to generate new layers of meaning and visualize political ideas and concepts? And what were the respective reasons, means, and effects of the visualization of Portuguese power and politics?