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Lawrence S. Kubie: Appendix I: Body Symbolization and Development of Language
Appendix I: Body Symbolization and Development of Language
(p. 326 – 334)

Lawrence S. Kubie

Appendix I: Body Symbolization and Development of Language

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  • mathematics
  • media theory
  • theory construction
  • epistemology
  • computer science
  • media studies
  • history of knowledge
  • computational sciences
  • Cybernetics
  • history of technology
  • regulation
  • history of science
  • sociology
  • historic documents

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Claus Pias (ed.): Cybernetics

Claus Pias (ed.)

Cybernetics
The Macy Conferences 1946–1953. The Complete Transactions

With a foreword by Claus Pias

Softcover, 736 pages

PDF, 736 pages

Between 1946 and 1953 ten conferences under the heading "Cybernetics. Circular, Causal, and Feedback Mechanisms in Biological and Social Systems" were held. Sponsored by Josiah Macy Jr., the so-called Macy Conferences mark perhaps the most important event in the history of science after WW II. Using new terms such as "information", "feedback", and "analogical/digital" as starting point, the participants tried to develop a universal theory of regulation and control, that would be applicable to living beings as well as to machines, to economic as well as to mental processes, and to sociological as well as to aesthetical phenomena. These concepts permeate thinking in such diverse fields as biology, neurology, sociology, language studies, computer science, and even psychoanalysis, ecology, politics, and economy. They marked the epoch-making changes from thermodynamics to cybernetics (Wiener), from the disciplinary to control society (Deleuze), and from the industrial to information society (Lyotard).

The Macy Conferences are of special historical/scientific value since they do not deal with completed texts yet, but rather with interdisciplinary negotiations about an emerging epistemology. This edition contains the complete transcription and protocols of all Macy Conference contributions.

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